Public health law 27491 Control of diseases preventable by vaccination

Public health law 27491 Control of diseases preventable by vaccination thumbnail

This law establishes the legal basis for mandatory vaccination in Argentina. Articles 6 and 7 state that an application authority has the right to set the National Vaccine Calendar and that all included vaccines are mandatory for anyone residing in the country. Article 7 further states that, in an epidemiological emergency situation, all vaccines deemed by the application authority to be necessary to quell the outbreak would become mandatory. The law also requires that employers provide a day of paid leave for parents/guardians taking their dependents to receive these vaccinations. Article 13 outlines the enforcement mechanisms, which include multiple levels of social exclusion and inability for parents to receive family allowances. Additionally, Article 14 allows sanctions to be determined by local health authorities, and states that sanctions may range from notification of delinquency to compulsory vaccination. Finally, Article 21 states that an unwillingness to be vaccinated is not a valid rationale for non-compliance with the law, and requires that individuals unable to receive a vaccine due to a medical contraindication be provided with a certificate stating this medical reason for non-vaccination from a healthcare provider. 

Applicable countryArgentina
Risk communication and community engagement
Chickenpox (varicella) vaccination
Childhood vaccination requirement
Diphtheria vaccination
Emergency vaccination authority
Enforcement of childhood vaccination requirement
Enforcement of emergency vaccination
Exemption from childhood vaccination requirement
Measles vaccination
Polio vaccination
Public benefit broadcasting
Tuberculosis vaccination
Original publication12 Dec 2018
Entered into force11 Apr 2019
Latest update12 Dec 2018
Relevant articles

Article 24 Public benefit media broadcasting

Available languages
English Public Health Law 27491: Control of diseases by preventable vaccination