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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty28 Sep 200128 Sep 2001
Cartagena ProtocolParty25 May 20005 Aug 20043 Nov 2004
CITESParty23 Nov 198321 Feb 1984
Convention on Biological DiversityParty13 Jun 199214 Aug 199512 Nov 1995
Geneva ProtocolParty14 Jan 199214 Jan 1992
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolSignatory2 Feb 2011
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 201620 Oct 201619 Nov 2016
TRIPS AgreementObserver
World Health OrganizationParty8 Nov 19628 Nov 1962
World Organization for Animal HealthParty13 Feb 19693 Jul 1962
World Trade OrganizationObserver15 Apr 1994

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.