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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty10 Apr 19725 Oct 19775 Oct 1977
Cartagena ProtocolNon-party
CITESParty29 Jul 197627 Oct 1976
Convention on Biological DiversityParty5 Jun 199218 Jun 199329 Dec 1993
Geneva ProtocolParty22 Jan 193022 Jan 1930
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolSignatory20 Jan 2012
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 20169 Nov 20169 Dec 2016
TRIPS AgreementParty12 Sep 200723 Jan 2017
World Health OrganizationParty22 Jul 19462 Feb 19487 Apr 1948
World Organization for Animal HealthParty9 Feb 19259 Feb 1925
World Trade OrganizationParty21 Dec 19941 Jan 1995

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.