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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty21 Jun 199321 Jun 1993
Cartagena ProtocolParty6 Sep 200024 Mar 200422 Jun 2004
CITESParty22 Jul 199220 Oct 1992
Convention on Biological DiversityParty12 Jun 199227 Jul 199425 Oct 1994
Geneva ProtocolParty17 Jun 192528 Aug 193128 Aug 1931
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolParty19 Dec 201819 Mar 2019
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 20164 Nov 20164 Dec 2016
TRIPS AgreementParty
World Health OrganizationParty31 Mar 199331 Mar 1993
World Organization for Animal HealthParty13 Jan 199213 Jan 1992
World Trade OrganizationParty21 May 199914 Oct 199913 Nov 1999

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.