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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty22 Feb 19734 Sep 197326 Mar 1975
Cartagena ProtocolParty2 May 20015 Jun 200111 Sep 2003
CITESParty30 Sep 199729 Dec 1997
Convention on Biological DiversityParty9 Oct 199225 Feb 199329 Dec 1993
Geneva ProtocolParty21 Mar 197321 Mar 1973
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolParty24 Oct 201212 Oct 2014
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 201622 Apr 20164 Nov 2016
TRIPS AgreementParty1 May 20171 May 2017
World Health OrganizationParty1 Jan 19721 Jan 1972
World Organization for Animal HealthParty18 May 200718 May 2007
World Trade OrganizationParty15 Apr 199415 Dec 199514 Jan 1996

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.