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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty10 Apr 197230 May 197530 May 1975
Cartagena ProtocolParty24 May 200024 Mar 200422 Jun 2004
CITESParty2 Oct 197931 Dec 1979
Convention on Biological DiversityParty5 Jun 199215 Apr 199414 Jul 1994
Geneva ProtocolParty17 Jun 19253 Apr 19283 Apr 1928
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolSignatory23 Jun 2011
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 201611 Nov 201612 Dec 2016
TRIPS AgreementParty
World Health OrganizationParty22 Jul 194611 Apr 19477 Apr 1948
World Organization for Animal HealthParty25 Jan 192423 May 192723 May 1927
World Trade OrganizationParty15 Apr 199430 Dec 19941 Jan 1995

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.