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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty10 Apr 197222 Jun 198122 Jun 1981
Cartagena ProtocolParty24 May 20008 Jan 200211 Sep 2003
CITESParty19 Apr 198418 Jul 1984
Convention on Biological DiversityParty5 Jun 199212 Jul 199410 Oct 1994
Geneva ProtocolParty17 Jun 192531 Oct 193031 Oct 1930
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolParty23 Jun 201119 Aug 201617 Nov 2016
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 201628 Jul 201727 Aug 2017
TRIPS AgreementParty
World Health OrganizationParty22 Jul 194625 Apr 19477 Apr 1948
World Organization for Animal HealthParty25 Jan 192426 Aug 192626 Aug 1926
World Trade OrganizationParty15 Apr 199430 Dec 19941 Jan 1995

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.