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Entered into force
Biological Weapons ConventionParty10 Apr 197227 Feb 197326 Mar 1975
Cartagena ProtocolParty24 Nov 200322 Feb 2004
CITESParty6 Aug 19754 Nov 1975
Convention on Biological DiversityParty5 Jun 199228 Feb 199429 May 1994
Geneva ProtocolParty17 Jun 192528 Aug 197028 Aug 1970
International Health RegulationsParty15 Jun 2007
Nagoya ProtocolParty2 Feb 20114 Mar 20212 Jun 2021
Paris AgreementParty22 Apr 201621 Sep 20164 Nov 2016
TRIPS AgreementParty13 Nov 200823 Jan 2017
World Health OrganizationParty22 Jul 19462 Jun 19482 Jun 1948
World Organization for Animal HealthParty25 Jan 192414 Dec 192814 Dec 1928
World Trade OrganizationParty15 Apr 199421 Dec 19941 Jan 1995

The state has accepted, approved, ratified, or is otherwise party to the agreement, indicating consent to be bound to the agreement.

The state has signed, but not yet ratified or become an official party to the agreement. Where the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, the signature does not establish the consent to be bound. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the treaty-making process. The signature qualifies the signatory state to proceed to ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and the purpose of the agreement.

The state has not taken any actions with regard to the agreement.

Associate member
The state may have requirements for some of the statutory or non statutory aspects of an agreement, but would not confer all of the obligations of the agreement on the member. Associate members may not have voting rights.

The state is non-party to an agreement, but has the ability to attend meetings or other discussions, and otherwise participate in activities. Observers may be granted permission to speak at formal meetings.